• You can now help support WorldwideDX when you shop on Amazon at no additional cost to you! Simply follow this Shop on Amazon link first and a portion of any purchase is sent to WorldwideDX to help with site costs.
  • Notice: You may not use this site to facilitate the unauthorized selling of copyrighted material including, but not limited to, in the public dxForums, dxGallery, dxChat and private messsages. If you get caught doing this, you will be permanently banned with no second chances. A notice will be placed on the site of why you were banned and any information collected by this site about you will be made known to the copyright holder.

Base Imax Antenna current distribution with and without capacitor

The DB

Sr. Member
Aug 14, 2011
1,988
1,469
193
St. Louis, MO
I thought I lost all of these models, but apparently I haven't. I'm not sure when I made them, but it is in a folder listed as before 2020 models. One thing I am certain of is it isn't my original imax models meant to test weather a capacitor was present or not, the techniques I used are more advanced than what I used back then, so with these I was likely experimenting with the capacitor's effect on such an antenna.

When it comes to the dimensions and the size and placement of the capacitor that was listed back in 2016, for reference, these are the direct quotes. Thanks again rumblefish and 357 for your work on this, even if it is 6 years late...

The cap would be 143 inches away from the top of the antenna.

ok I did more testing and I show 42pf on the middle section

The model with the capacitor is using a 42pf cap as listed, and the placement of the cap is within 1 inch of the location quoted by rumblefish, so its very close.

The first image will be the imax antenna current + phase distribution without the capacitor, and the second will be the imax antenna current + phase distribution with the capacitor.

[photo=large]6769[/photo][photo=large]6770[/photo]

In the first image, we see that part of the currents are out of phase with the rest of the antenna, this is typical of a 5/8 wavelength end fed pattern. In the second image we see that none of the currents are out of phase with the rest of the antenna.

At some point I'll sit down and do some more experimenting and playing with these models.

When it comes to the a99 and Imax series antennas, a lot of people like to bash these antennas, and I used to be one of them. But the more I put the design parameters to the test the more respect I have for the designer of these antennas. There are multiple aspects of these two antenna designs that I haven't seen anywhere else when it comes to antennas, and that alone is enough for me to consider these antennas interesting.


The DB
 
Last edited:

The DB

Sr. Member
Aug 14, 2011
1,988
1,469
193
St. Louis, MO
The old way of using pics from albums appears to not work with the forum update, so here are the images above, this time uploaded straight to this message, I think... The first one is the imax without the capacitor, the second one is with said cap.

imaxwithoutcap.jpgimaxwithcap.jpg


The DB
 

The DB

Sr. Member
Aug 14, 2011
1,988
1,469
193
St. Louis, MO
I got some of the modeling I want to do done, here is what I have so far.

All of these are models of just the antenna, one in free-space, one at 20 feet above earth, and the last one at 30 feet above earth. None of these have mast or feed line, or any form of ground plane attached, that is something I intend to add later.

First the free-space model.

fs-comp.jpg

In this case, the capacitor is making the antenna slightly more efficient (99.57% compared to 99.37%), and has a higher directivity (2.49 compared to 1.98), both of which help it over the non-cap version when it comes to gain.

Another point of note, the version with the capacitor has a 6° angle of peak radiation and a 3dB beam-width of 70° (40° to -30°). The version without the capacitor has a peak gain between 13° and 14°, and a 3dB beam-width of 50° (25° to °-25). This suggests that the version with the capacitor will perform better in local situation, assuming you have absolutely no currents on the mast and feed line, although not so much that you would notice the difference.

Next the 20 foot high models.

20ft-comp.jpg

When it comes to efficiency, this time the model without the capacitor is more efficient at 57.74% compared to 56.18% for the model with the cap. The model with the cap also has a directivity of 6.08 dB, while the model without the cap has a slightly lower directivity of 6 dB. In this case, the added efficiency of the non-cap antenna noticeably exceeds the gains of the slightly higher directivity of the cap antenna for 0.18 dB more gain.

When it comes to the angle of peak radiation, the non-cap version is slightly lower at 23° compared to the version with the cap at 24°. The version with the cap has a 33° beam-width (39° to 6°) while the version without the cap has a 25° beam-width (39° to 14°).

Finally the 30 foot high models...

30ft-comp.jpg

When it comes to efficiency, again without the capacitor is more efficient at 61.94% compared to 59.52% for the model with the cap. The model with the cap also has a directivity of 6.88 dB, while the model without the cap has a slightly lower directivity of 6.49 dB. These combine to give the antenna with the cap a 0.22 dB high gain.

When it comes to the angle of peak radiation, here they have the same angle of 11°. The version with the cap has a 33° beam-width (39° to 6°) while the version without the cap has a 11° beam-width (5° to 14°).
_____

So, if you look at the data, you will notice that at free-space and 30 feet above the earth the antenna with the capacitor is both more efficient, and has more gain. However, the model at 20 feet neither of those things are true. I'm curious on any thoughts as to why and/or how this happened.
_____

I do intend to make more models that have things like a mast and even two different radial configurations in the future, when I get a chance.


The DB
 
  • Like
Reactions: M0GVZ

M0GVZ

Sr. Member
Oct 18, 2011
1,751
1,499
173
DB, EZNEC Pro 2 v6 is now free for everyone. The author has retired and put it up on his website for anyone to download.
 
  • Like
Reactions: The DB

The DB

Sr. Member
Aug 14, 2011
1,988
1,469
193
St. Louis, MO
DB, EZNEC Pro 2 v6 is now free for everyone. The author has retired and put it up on his website for anyone to download.
I'm actually aware of this, heard it was coming late last year, and saw it live a few days ago. I will have to see if I can get it running on wine in linux as I don't run windows on my main computer.

I have run tests between 4nec2 and eznec in the past, they produce very close results. The professional version of eznec is more or less the unrestricted version, which 4nec2 never had any of said restrictions in the first place, which is why I used it. I guess he did it that way for making money...

Anyway, I'll check it out when I get a chance, but unless I purchase the nec5 engine, I don't think it will benefit me at all.


The DB
 
  • Like
Reactions: AudioShockwav

dxChat
Help Users
  • No one is chatting at the moment.
  • @ AudioShockwav:
  • @ kb9ghn:
    My first thought was the i.r.s. may be interested in a long term money making scam without proper taxes being paid..probably more than electronics involved.
  • @ Toll_Free:
    My first thought was why hasn't someone paid him a visit. I mean, his address is posted above.
  • @ beakster1715:
    Good news! I opened an appeal case after eBay sided with superhawkwss6. I also opened an IC3 case & sent that information to eBay. Within an hour they responded, reversed their decision and returned all of my money. Unfortunately, superhawkwss6 stole my CB radio and eBay will likely not suspend or close his account, but rather allow him to continue his criminal activity. I think I'll still file a report with our sheriff's dept (the sheriff is a friend of mine) though I know this type of crime isn't worth their time. This guy needs to be stopped and I'm certainly going to do my best to make that happen.
  • @ ButtFuzz:
    Good Evening!