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2SC2999 MOD ANALYSIS

Discussion in 'CB Radio Modifications' started by unit_399, Nov 10, 2013.

  1. giboni

    giboni Break Break..Does anyone have any Grey Pupant ?

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  2. giboni

    giboni Break Break..Does anyone have any Grey Pupant ?

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    Well. I realized I confused a PNP version Data Sheet similar to BF763.

    BF763 has an NF of 5DB at 800MHZ. Most likely will not due. All that

    is left- is to investigate SMD PNP transistors that are of newer design.

    I have an opportyunity to get 500 pcs of 2sc1730L cheap. I will just buy it.

    Next is to use my Cobra 139xlr 858 as a test bed. Want to play with the "Clipper Circuit". Looking at CBC speech processor currently available.

    Could not help noticing the similarity in the 858 circuit. 2 x 914 diodes.

    The mic gain in the 139xlr actually controls the Clipping level. My trc457 is strong

    and clear with the clipper removed and using a Turner 3B +" Compression Mic".

    Fallowing 399's suggested mod with a capacitor value change. But the Defom Power Tweak Mod on the Audio circuit. Which removes the Diodes out of the circuit and changes resistor values and adds one. A no no for a purist "399".

    What about. a 12DB Op Amp after the Clipper Filters in the 858 to the audio chip?

    Okay I'm sold on the 2sc1730L. My Trc 457 recieve on SSB with Shotky Diodes

    sounds quieter and just as sensitive to my Cp2000B maybe better. Am oh well.

    Let me finish this 7.8MHZ filter experiment LOL ! The CP200B uses a compressor.

    the 858 has it beat already. If it works the above experiment. Will put the Trc457 diodes back in !

    2sc1730L it is !
     
  3. Robb

    Robb Yup

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    IIRC, the 858 chassis already haave the 1730 transistor in them, so there is no reason to change it. However, other radio chassis from Galaxy, Ranger, Cobra,ad Uniden that have later pll chips will benefit.
     
  4. giboni

    giboni Break Break..Does anyone have any Grey Pupant ?

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    Exactly ! That is why I am Buying 500 pcs Smiles. However; I did post somewhere a generic circuit using a pair of PNP low noise hygain transistors in parralel.

    Will try it eventually with 2 x 2sc1730L. If I run into issues.

    Will learn how to use "Spice" to model the circuit and give me the correct values.

    Interestingly I have used 2sc2999. Works in a couple of Radios. Most the original is better. If I remember 2sc1675.

    Luckily only have about 20 2sc2999. Nickel each. No biggy.

    The Shotkys work though quite well in my Trc457 and several other radios.

    Allright back to this 7.8MHz filter !

    73s
     
    Shadetree Mechanic likes this.
  5. El Kabong

    El Kabong Active Member

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    Pity this thread died of old age. I have a Cobra 2000 that I was thinking of doing the 2999/1730 swap. I needed to know if the pinout is the same for both transistors.
     
  6. Martian

    Martian Well-Known Member

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    IIRC they are pin compatible.
     
    El Kabong likes this.
  7. Robb

    Robb Yup

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    Just wanted to add some thoughts here . . .

    It is true that the 2999 has only 2.1db gain/avg over the stock 1674 and has only .8db less noise floor. of the same, there is a bigger picture to it For example, if you add both the .8db smaller noise floor with the 2999's/2.1db gain; the perception is a nearly three ('2.9db') or consistent. Your mileage may vary.

    But so many experimenters that do this mod and don't have the means to re-align the receiver, it is questionable that any real difference may be realized in every circumstance. The state to tune/alignment in any given radio isn't equal at any one time, so your results will vary accordingly.

    In addition, while using Schottky diodes for the Noise Blanker and the receive circuit has modest but useful gains, the original germanium diodes throughout the rest of the radios other circuits should not be replaced with the Schottky devices. I have gotten a radio once so modified, and had to repair it back to stock. The Schottky diodes many be a much faster switching device, but it also has a higher voltage turn-on point. SO the net result is a radio that has less receive sensitivity overall. IOW, best to just stick to replacing the basic four diodes - and leave it at that. More is NOT better.

    Just some of my observations and thought so far.
    Interested in any feedback . . . Thanks
     
    #37 Robb, Aug 1, 2018
    Last edited: Aug 1, 2018
  8. Martian

    Martian Well-Known Member

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    I didn't go down that road :)

    But... people swear by this 2SC2999 business.
    It's mostly another gimmick to sell a part and a modification.

    It really doesn't work as people expect. They think they are going to get x dB every single time and in every situation they use it in as if this is an absolute thing.

    Nobody has demonstrated that it has the magic pixie dust they say it does. In fact, it may hurt more than it helps.
    These guys don't realise that you can overdrive the mixer/IF stages doing this and unbalance things.

    It's a part swapping thing. Have to swap a part because this new part has a bigger number.
     
  9. Handy Andy

    Handy Andy Do Your Research First, Then Decide...

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    Hmm...

    This "comparison" will need tweaks between both the 2999 and 5770 - and that is where anything else than the original design - is just not going to work well.

    The 2SC2999 for example - sure - works, but when it in itself is the only sub, the Common Base mode goes flat, the Common Emitter takes a knee and requires extra capacitance "tuning" so it is more of a Non-Linear RF amp than a simpler amplifier with good Hfe ratings. It does require "matching". A network. Low noise achievements are when you use it in Common Base mode, that configuration suffers from the heavy capacitance tuning - you will get some gain in noise factor but the tuning swaps are not worth the effort - you don't gain all that much. Remember in a Galaxy you have that L5 and its' coupling/tuning issues.

    Did I mention flat? Yes, because once gain is established, there is little room more for amplification - the "knee" region spans just less than 0.2VDC and with AGC actions these days, they are mountains with swinging radios - so once the scent of gain is accomplished - it plateaus - it stinks...so overload is your result.

    Now, if it were me, I'd tweak the diodes - Germanium gives a "warm" slope and tone to the signal - but earlier ones or the ones that have aged, get "punctured" in their doping region - lessens their efficiency so they are not as effective as they once were.

    Schottky types, well are - just that, low Forward Drop Diodes - but are silicon grain based. Some can introduce what I can hear as a "click" its a type of dynamic noise caused by the quick avalanche of the signal thru the junction - barrier - shot noise. The next stage amp is going to pick that up and pass it along the chain. Great for quick response feedback systems - you just don't want it in the audio path of the signal - else it will work too well for the purpose intended - remember the click, for it does show up.

    Don't believe me? Look further into the receivers and the carrier detect sections for AM - note the filter cap on the output. Before it goes to the ANL section. Got into an argument one time about this but the carrier signal turns into a bias - that if put thru a diode like schottky - will need extra filtering - and not just a bigger farad cap across the signal to ground - it's simply reacting to the march of the swing and the lag between the IF section, the AGC resistor - the AGC cap - RF amp and IF stages gain and the whole cycle repeats.

    Seriously folks, we are entering into a age where wildly swinging radios require drastic measures beyond typical response feedback principled radios are currently designed for. Mimics SSB modes really...

    We are looking at signals with FM and AM components mixed in with variable power for the carrier and our current platforms have to put up with that.

    So trying to put the cart before the horse - isn't working too well.

    :+> Andy <+:
     
  10. unit_399

    unit_399 EL CAPO

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    Robb -

    If you read my original post again, you will see that the 2999 has 1.9 db LESS gain than the 1674, so the noise figure improvement will be less that 0.8 db too.

    - 399
     
    Robb likes this.
  11. unit_399

    unit_399 EL CAPO

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    The CBC speech processor is pretty much a copy of the processor used in the 858 chassis. You can give it a try, but I don't think you'll see any improvement over the stock 858 clipper.

    I've tried the Defcom mod, and the results were less than spectacular. Removing the diodes and adding/changing the resistors negates the clipping and just changes it into a standard AMC circuit.

    An Op Amp after the clipper in place of TR20 is (IMO) unnecessary because TR20 recovers the losses in the clipper circuit and provides enough additional gain to drive the modulation to 100%+. I tried substituting a higher gain transistor for the stock TR20 (2SC945A-Q), but it caused the modulation transformer to be overdriven and produced distorted audio.

    To me, the 858 chassis is the best mass-produced type-accepted cb ever made. I bought my TRC457 new in '78 and still run it because, for all-around performance, it can't be beat.

    - "Purist" 399 :LOL:
     
  12. El Kabong

    El Kabong Active Member

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    So in essence there are no easy answers? Things have become too complex for that? I agree!

    Oh well. I just wanted to make a good thing a little better, if I could. I may try the 1730 swap if I can find the location on the board. Old eyes.

    Thanks for the help guys.
     
    #42 El Kabong, Aug 1, 2018
    Last edited: Aug 1, 2018
  13. rabbiporkchop

    rabbiporkchop Sr. Member

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    Where did you find them for a nickel each?
    I'll take a couple hundred at that price.
     
  14. Robb

    Robb Yup

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    Well, if you bought 20 Sanyo 2N2999'e' transistors for a buck; then that is a really good deal. But - did you test them all for hFe? IIRC, the hFe should be more than 180 - but I know that unit_399 will have the actual specs. It would be one way to see if they are bogus and counterfeits, since transistors bought on Ebay can often be.
     
    rabbiporkchop likes this.
  15. rabbiporkchop

    rabbiporkchop Sr. Member

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    The cheapest price I could find 10 years ago was about $0.18 each before the supply dried up.
     

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